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Native American Hemp Industry

American Indian tribes can self-regulate their production of hemp by joining the U.S. Domestic Hemp Production Program.

U.S. Domestic Hemp Production Program

This federal program allows states and Indian tribes to submit plans to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) for the self-administration of hemp production. The USDA reviews each plan and renders approval if it complies with federal policies.

Tribal plans will not be approved if hemp production is banned by the state or banned by tribal members. Tribes or states without a USDA-approved plan will be regulated by the federal government.

Tribes with USDA-Approved Hemp Plans

Last update September 15, 2020

There are 34 tribes with USDA-approved hemp plans.

Colorado River Indian Tribes

La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians
Pala Band of Mission Indians
Santa Rosa Band of Cahuilla Indians
Torres-Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians
Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo
Yurok Tribe

Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida

Sac & Fox Tribe of Mississippi in Iowa

Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska
Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation

Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians Waganakising Odawa

Lower Sioux Indian Community
Red Lake Band of Chippewa

Blackfeet Nation
Chippewa Cree
Fort Belknap Indian Community

Santee Sioux Nation
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska

Pueblo of Picuris Tribe

Cayuga Nation of New York
Seneca Nation of Indians

Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians

Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribe
Otoe-Missouria Tribe
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma

Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indian

Cheyenne River Sioux
Flandreau Santee Sioux
Oglala Sioux Tribe
Rosebud Sioux Tribe
Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe

Lac Courte Oreilles

Source: USDA

News Articles

USDA Approves Hemp Plan for California Tribe

September 17, 2020

The U.S. Department of Agriculture announced this week the approval of the hemp regulatory plan submitted by the Torres-Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians of Southern California. The tribe is the 34th to be granted self-administration of hemp produced on its reservation.

The Torres-Martinez Indian Reservation is 24,000 acres located in Riverside and Imperial Counties. It was established in 1876.

In the same announcement, the USDA also approved the hemp plan submitted by the State of Utah.

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USDA Approves Hemp Plan for Oregon Tribe

September 10, 2020

The Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indian, a federally recognized tribe in Oregon, received approval last month from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to manage and produce hemp under terms of the 2018 U.S. Farm Bill.

The tribe is now authorized to self-administer and self-regulate the production of hemp on its reservation without oversight or regulation from the State of Oregon.

At the same time the USDA approved the Cow Creek Band plan, it also approved plans from Maine and Missouri.

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USDA-approved hemp plans expands to 32 tribes

June 25, 2020

Tribal plans approved by the USDA for self-regulation of hemp production has been given to 32 tribes across 16 states.

For the current list of these tribes, see Native American Hemp Industry.

The latest approvals were awarded to four tribes in four states. These are the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe in South Dakota, Chippewa Cree Tribe in Montana, the Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians in Wisconsin and the Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians in Minnesota.

Five additional tribes are seeking approval. An application from the Eastern Tribe of Cherokee Indians (NC) is under review. The Navajo Nation San Juan River Farm (NM) is preparing to resubmit its application.

The remaining three tribes are the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe (NY), Ute Mountain Ute (CO) and Yankton Sioux Tribe (SD) are drafting plans for USDA review.

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