Montana legalized the use of cannabis for medical purposes in 2014. Recreational use and sales was approved by voters in the Nov. 2020 election.
There are seven federally-recognized tribes in Montana. The DOJ marijuana policy on tribal reservations applies to these Montana tribes. Each is federally recognized as sovereign by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the U.S. Interior Department.
For a complete list of Montana tribes and their locations, see our page about Montana Tribes.
Montana tribes recognize the challenges and business opportunities of the cannabis industry, and a few are actively pursuing these opportunities.
Hemp is a variety of Cannabis plant grown for industrial use.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will allow tribes to self-administer hemp production on their reservations if they submit an acceptable plan. See U.S. Domestic Hemp Production Program.
USDA-Approved Hemp Plans - MONTANA
Fort Belknap Indian Community
|State of Montana||Approved Plan|
October 11, 2018
A tribe in Montana is making steps to allow cannabis use by their members on their land.
The Blackfeet Nation has over 17,000 members. The Executive Committee and the Tribal Business Council of the Blackfeet Nation decided to legalize marijuana on their land. This includes the possession of medical marijuana.
The reason behind the change was due to research evidence showing relief from issues with substance and alcohol abuse.
The issue of the legalization of marijuana and Native American tribes is a complicated issue. The tribal land is considered sovereign. Tribes are allowed to create and enforce their own laws on their land. These laws are separate from the state laws. However, they still must follow the laws of the federal government.
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