Oregon allows the use of marijuana for medical and recreational purposes. It was the first state to decriminalize possession of small amounts of marijuana. Possession of 1 ounce or less is a violation not a crime. The offense is a $500 to $1,000 fine. Retail sales of marijuana for recreational use began January 1, 2017 . These retail outlets are licensed by the Oregon Liquor Control Commission.
There are nine federally-recognized tribes in Oregon. The DOJ marijuana policy on tribal reservations applies to these Oregon tribes. Each is federally recognized as sovereign by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the U.S. Interior Department.
For a complete list of Oregon tribes and their locations, see our page about Oregon Tribes.
Oregon tribes recognize the challenges and business opportunities of the cannabis industry, but most have not announced their interests or business plans.
May 9, 2016
The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs broke ground on Oregon's first tribal-owned marijuana cultivation operation. They are building a 36,000-square-foot greenhouse on five acres of their reservation.
Cannabis products will be branded "Warm Springs Cannabis". The tribe hopes to open three outlet shops in Portland and Bend. First year sales forecast is $11 million. Second year is $26 million.
December 11, 2019
The 2018 Farm Bill allows U.S. states and tribes to apply for U.S. Department of Agriculture approval to administer regulatory authority over hemp production within their borders. The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs has submitted a hemp plan for their reservation to the USDA and await its review.
The State of Oregon has submitted a similar plan for hemp production and is also waiting for USDA review.
The growth of the U.S. industrial hemp market is predicted to grow from $4.6 billion in 2019 to $26.6 billion by 2025. Warm Springs hopes USDA approval will relieve some of the unemployment caused by business closures in recent years. The Kah-Nee-Ta resort closed last year and a reservation-owned timber mill closed in 2016.
The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs own Warm Springs Cannabis, which grows and processes cannabis for medical and recreational purposes.
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