There are 134 First Nations in Ontario. Each is contempating and preparing for the impact of marijuana legalization on their communities.
The key features of the Ontario Cannabis Act are the following:
- 19 is the minimum legal age to buy, possess, and consume recreational cannabis.
- The sale and distribution will be overseen by the Liquor Control Board of Ontario (LCBO)
- Cannabis can be sold at retail locations that have met certain federal requirements
- Online sales can be approved if the cannabis can be delivered in the province safely and securely
- Stores that sale alcohol are not permitted to also sale cannabis
- Recreational use of cannabis may be used at a private residence
- Cannabis will not be allowed to be used in motorized vehicles, public places, workplaces
- Drug-impaired driving will be added to current penalty laws.
- Under age drivers will have zero tolerance penalties
- Commercial drivers will also have zero tolerance penalties
- A campaign for public awareness for the new laws will be created
Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory
Legacy 420 (Medical Marijuana Dispensary)
346 York Rd
Shannonville, ON K0K 3A0, Canada 613-707-4538
Founded in 2014 by Mohawk Tim Barnhart
Wahgoshig First Nation
In 2015 Wahgoshig First Nation entered a joint venture with DelShen Therapeutics, an Ontario company, to grow high quality, pharmaceutical grade medical marijuana.
[Source: Press Release 2015]
Wahnapitae First Nation
First Nation Medicinal (Marijuana Dispensary)
287 Loonway Rd
Capreol, ON CA
Opened September 9, 2017
Plans to grow a special strain of medical marijuana were announced in November 2015 by the Wahgoshig First Nation. The First Nation would partner with DelShen Therapeutics to change from a forestry operation to an $18 million grow facility. The Wahgoshig had contributed $2 million of the amount. Up to 100 jobs would be created by the project. Currently they are awaiting approval for the production license
National Indigenous Medical Cannabis Association (NIMCA)
Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory
NIMCA is a national Indigenous organization promoting an Indigenous cannabis industry. It plans to to set up branches in every province of Canada. NIMCA was launched March 24, 2017
May 27, 2018
Just east of Belleville, there is a marijuana store owned by the Tyendinaga Mohawk that is open 24 hours daily. The store is named Pot Shoppe. There have been 42 of these stores that have opened on their land. About half of those opened last December.
The size of the stores are as different as the type of marijuana they sell. Some are small cabins and trailers. Others are larger buildings.
Opening of the dispensaries has caused controversy. Previously a store was opened that was not operated by the Mohawk. They were evicted by support of the community. A new dispensary took over the space. That dispensary is operated by the Mohawk.
Advertisement for different marijuana brands are seen as often as the cigarette ads.
Tobacco sales are heavily regulated. There are agreements that have been made over the amount of tobacco to be sold by the government and the band. The government is trying to install a regulation over the cannabis industry on the reservation lands. However, there is conflict because the bands do not believe that the government has a right the regulate them. The bands want the recognition of their sovereignty.
The bands intend to protect their rights to their cannabis industry even more than their tobacco and gas industries.
There have been threats of government raids on the stores and the farms where cannabis is grown. However, the bands continue believing that under the law they are allowed to develop any kind of business they want as long as it is on indigenous land.