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Minnesota Tribes in the Cannabis Industry

Medical Marijuana is Legal in Minnesota

Marijuana for medical uses was legalized in 2014. Marijuana for recreational use is illegal. In 1976 the possession of 42.5 grams or less was decriminalized to a petty misdemeanor.

News Headlines

News White Earth Nation votes to legalize medical marijuana August 26, 2020 - Last week White Earth Nation members voted 994-150 in favor of a measure to legalize production, regulation and distribution of medical marijuana on their reservation. The Tribal Council will now ... Read more News USDA-approved hemp plans expands to 33 tribes August 11, 2020 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced last week it has approved the self-regulatory hemp plan of the Lower Sioux Indian Community in Minnesota. The tribe is the 33rd ... Read more News Red Lake Nation passes medical marijuana referendum July 5, 2020 - Red Lake Nation became the first tribe in Minnesota to approve a medical marijuana referendum. In May members of the tribe voted 80% in favor of the referendum that approves the ... Read more News USDA-approved hemp plans expands to 32 tribes June 25, 2020 - Tribal plans approved by the USDA for self-regulation of hemp production has been granted to 32 tribes across 16 states. The latest approvals were awarded to four tribes in four states including the ... Read more News Red Lake Nation plans vote on medical marijuana March 3, 2020 - The Red Lake Tribal Council passed a resolution to place a medical marijuana proposal on a May 20 ballot for members of the Red Lake Nation to approve or reject. ... Read more News U.S. Farm Bill Legalizes Hemp December 13, 2018 - Congress has passed a new farm bill which includes the federal legalization of industrial hemp. Hemp is now classified as an agricultural product and legal to produce, distribute and sell. ... Read more

Minnesota's Federally-Recognized Tribes

There are twelve federally-recognized tribes in Minnesota. The DOJ marijuana policy on tribal reservations applies to these Minnesota tribes. Each is federally recognized as sovereign by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the U.S. Interior Department.

Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe - Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake)
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe - Fond du Lac Band
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe - Grand Portage Band
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe - Leech Lake Band
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe - Mille Lacs Band
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe - White Earth Band
Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of MN
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, Minnesota
Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota
Upper Sioux Community, Minnesota

For a complete list of Minnesota tribes and their locations, see our page about Minnesota Tribes.

Cannabis Opportunities for Minnesota Tribes

Minnesota tribes recognize the challenges and business opportunities of the cannabis industry, and some are waiting for more information and legal clarity from the federal government.

Medical Marijuana

The following tribes have voted to legalize production, regulation and distribution of medical marijuana on their reservations:

Red Lake Nation
In May 2020 the Red Lake Nation became the first tribe in Minnesota to approve medical marijuana.

White Earth Nation
In August 2020 the White Earth Nation voted 994-150 to legalize medical marijuana.

Hemp

Hemp is a variety of Cannabis plant grown for industrial use.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will allow tribes to self-administer hemp production on their reservations if they submit an acceptable plan. See U.S. Domestic Hemp Production Program.

USDA-Approved Hemp Plans - MINNESOTA

Lower Sioux Indian Community
Red Lake Band of Chippewa
Approved Plan
Approved Plan
State of MinnesotaApproved Plan

News Articles

White Earth Nation votes to legalize medical marijuana

August 26, 2020

Last week White Earth Nation members voted 994-150 in favor of a measure to legalize production, regulation and distribution of medical marijuana on their reservation. The reservation is sovereign land and exempt from Minnesota marijuana laws. The Tribal Council is now authorized to draw up plans to implement the measure.

White Earth Nation is the second tribe in Minnesota to take this action. Last May the Red Lake Nation was the first tribe to approve the cultivation and production of marijuana for medical use.

The White Earth Reservation is the largest in the state encompassing 829,440 acres. It is located in northwestern Minnesota and covers all of Mahnomen County and portions of Becker and Clearwater Counties.

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USDA-approved hemp plans expands to 33 tribes

August 11, 2020

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced last week it has approved the self-regulatory hemp plan of the Lower Sioux Indian Community in Minnesota. The tribe is the 33rd to be approved.

The USDA also approved the state plan submitted by Maryland, the 20th state to be approved.

For the current listing of all tribes and states with USDA-approved hemp regulatory plans, visit our page Native American Hemp Industry

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Red Lake Nation passes medical marijuana referendum

July 5, 2020

Red Lake Nation became the first tribe in Minnesota to approve a medical marijuana referendum. In May members of the tribe voted 80% in favor of the referendum that approves the production, regulation and distribution of medical marijuana.

Red Lake Nation Votes To Pass Medical Marijuana Referendum - Courtesy of Lakeland PBS, May 21, 2020. Available from YouTube

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Red Lake Nation plans vote on medical marijuana

March 3, 2020

Courtesy of Lakeland PBS

Last month the Red Lake Tribal Council considered a proposal to legalize the production and distribution of medical marijuana on the Red Lake Reservation, and passed a resolution giving Red Lake Nation members the opportunity to vote on the proposal.

The decision about whether or not to legalize medical marijuana will be made by tribal members in a May 20 election.

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White Earth Reservation Developing Industrial Hemp business

August 21, 2017

White Earth Reservation is growing hemp in northwestern Minnesota. The tribe has invested $100,000 to grow five varieties of hemp.

As the crop size increases the tribe plans to purchase an industrial press to produce hemp oil.

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Red Lake Band of Chippewa is Evaluating Marijuana Opportunities

Feb 8, 2015

The Tribal Council or the Red Lake Nation voted this week to conduct a feasibility study on the cannabis industry. The Red Lake reservation is very large with more than 1,200 square miles.

U.S. Department of Justice announced last year that tribes are free to grow and sell marijuana on their reservations.

"They are their own jurisdiction and they can control what they do on their own land," said Assistant Health Commissioner Manny Munson-Regala of the Minnesota Medical Cannabis Program.

"Whatever we do, it will be done very carefully," Red Lake Chairman Darrell Seki Sr. announced

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